The Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, formerly known as the Institute of Health, was established in 1968. The institute of health which transformed to Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital was established in accordance with statutes 15 of the university law (amendment act schedule 16) by the former northern Nigeria government with the objective of providing facilities for training of  doctors, nursing and other medical personnel.

Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria is presently being run by a board, established by decree No. 10 of 1985 and it comprises the chief executive (chief medical director) and the following statutory officers. The Chairman, Medical Advisory Committee, the Director of Administration, the Director of Finance and Supplies and the chief internal auditor.