Mr. Olayemi Cardoso is the distinguished Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), a position he has held since October 5, 2023. His extensive experience in banking, finance, and economic policy makes him a pivotal figure in guiding Nigeria’s financial sector towards stability and growth.

Early Life and Education

Olayemi Michael Cardoso was born on July 10, 1957, in Lagos, Nigeria. His interest in economics and finance was sparked early, influenced by the dynamic economic environment of his homeland. Cardoso pursued a Bachelor of Science degree in Managerial and Administrative Studies, with a concentration in Finance and Accounting, at the University of Aston in Birmingham, United Kingdom, graduating in 1980.

Furthering his education, he obtained a Master’s degree in Public Administration and Management, with a concentration in Economics and Finance, from Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government in 2005. As a Mason Fellow, he was recognized for his leadership potential and commitment to public service. In 2017, he was awarded an honorary Doctorate in Business Administration (DBA) by the University of Aston in recognition of his outstanding achievements.

Professional Background

Mr. Cardoso’s professional journey spans over three decades, featuring significant roles in both the private and public sectors.

  • Private Sector Experience:

    • Citibank Nigeria Ltd: Cardoso spent over 29 years in commercial banking, culminating in his role as Chairman of Citibank Nigeria Ltd from 2010 to 2022. During his tenure, he was instrumental in steering the bank’s strategic direction and fostering growth.
    • Citizens International Bank Limited: Between 1990 and 1997, he served as an Executive Director, contributing to the bank’s expansion and financial success.
    • FBC Associates Limited: As Principal Partner from 1997 to 1999, he provided strategic consultancy services to various financial institutions.
  • Public Sector Contributions:

    • Commissioner for Economic Planning and Budget, Lagos State: From 1999 to 2005, Cardoso implemented economic reforms that catalyzed Lagos State’s development. He was the architect of the Lagos State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy (LASEEDS), which significantly improved governance and economic stability.
  • Board and Advisory Roles:

    • Chairman, Lagos Economic Summit Group (2020-2021): He played a crucial role in organizing economic summits that brought together key stakeholders to discuss and implement economic strategies.
    • Chairman, Africa Venture Philanthropy Alliance (2014–2020): Under his leadership, the AVPA promoted philanthropic investments across Africa.
    • Member, Economic Advisory Council, Federal Republic of Nigeria (2015–2019): He provided expert advice on national economic policies.
    • Board Memberships: He has served on the boards of Chevron Oil Plc, the Nigerian National Advisory Board for Impact Investing, Lagos Business School, the Institution of the Annual State Economic Summit, Johnson Products, and DRASA Health Trust.

Leadership at the Central Bank of Nigeria

As the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, Mr. Cardoso oversees the country’s monetary policy, banking regulation, and financial stability. His leadership is characterized by a commitment to transparency, innovation, and inclusivity in the financial system.

  • Monetary Policy Reforms: Cardoso has implemented measures to control inflation, stabilize the naira, and ensure overall economic stability. His policies aim to curb inflationary pressures, stabilize foreign exchange markets, and bolster foreign reserves.
  • Banking Sector Regulation: He has enhanced regulatory frameworks to promote a resilient and transparent banking sector. Under his guidance, the CBN has introduced stricter capital requirements for banks, improved oversight mechanisms, and enhanced risk management practices.
  • Financial Inclusion: Cardoso is driving initiatives to increase access to financial services for underserved populations, thereby promoting inclusive growth. He has championed financial literacy programs, expanded mobile banking services, and supported microfinance institutions.
  • Digital Innovation: Advocating for the adoption of digital technologies in banking and finance to improve efficiency and broaden access to financial services. He has overseen the rollout of digital payment systems and supported fintech innovations to drive financial inclusion.

Vision for Nigeria’s Financial Future

Mr. Cardoso envisions a robust and inclusive financial system that supports Nigeria’s economic aspirations. His strategic focus includes:

  • Promoting Financial Literacy: Implementing nationwide financial education programs to enhance the population’s understanding of financial management and investment opportunities.
  • Enhancing Regulatory Oversight: Strengthening the regulatory framework to ensure the stability and integrity of Nigeria’s financial system. This includes implementing advanced supervisory technologies and international best practices.
  • Encouraging Investment: Creating a favorable investment climate by maintaining economic stability, protecting investor rights, and promoting transparency in financial transactions.
  • Economic Diversification: Supporting policies and initiatives that encourage diversification of Nigeria’s economy beyond oil dependence, particularly in agriculture, technology, and manufacturing sectors.

Personal Life and Interests

Beyond his professional achievements, Mr. Cardoso is known for his dedication to social causes and community development. He is actively involved in various philanthropic activities and serves on the boards of several non-profit organizations. His commitment to public service extends to mentoring young professionals and advocating for youth empowerment in Nigeria.

In his personal time, Mr. Cardoso enjoys reading, particularly on topics related to economics, history, and leadership. He is also an avid supporter of the arts and culture, often attending local cultural events and exhibitions.


Mr. Olayemi Cardoso’s tenure as the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria is marked by his profound expertise, visionary leadership, and unwavering commitment to Nigeria’s economic prosperity. His efforts continue to play a crucial role in shaping a stable, inclusive, and forward-looking financial landscape in Nigeria. Through his strategic initiatives and dedication to public service, Mr. Cardoso is set to leave a lasting impact on Nigeria’s economic trajectory.