A national identity card system was initially conceived in 1977 but the project did not see the light of the day. In 2003, a new scheme managed by the Directorate of National Civic Registration (DNCR) was initiated and about 54 million Nigerians were registered, however, the scheme failed to meet official expectations and was also hampered by allegations of corruption and embezzlement of funds. The National Identity Management Commission came into effect in 2010 and an initial budget of about 30 billion naira was appropriated in the 2011 federal budget. The commission subsequently entered into an agreement with the National Database & Registration Authority of Pakistan to develop computerized national identity cards for Nigerians. The commission also partnered with two consortiums, the first led by Chams Nigeria and the second, OneSecureCard consortium composed of Interswitch, SecureID, and Iris Technologies to provide data capture services. In March 2024, the commission denied circulating reports of a data breach by a shadowy entity, XpressVerify.

National identification number

The commission oversees the registration and distribution of the National Identification Number (NIN), issues National e-ID cards, conducts identity verification, and ensures the harmonization and authentication of user data.[6]The national identification number is a part of Nigeria’s National Identity Management System, the other part is the General Multi-Purpose Card. The number stores an individual’s unique data into the database. It is part of a measure to create a national identity database and to prevent both double identity and identity fraud.

Organizational Mandate

The National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) established by the NIMC Act No. 23 of 2007, has the mandate to establish, own, operate, maintain and manage the National Identity Database in Nigeria, register persons covered by the Act, assign a Unique National Identification Number (NIN) and issue General Multi-Purpose Cards (GMPC) to those who are citizens of Nigeria as well as others legally residing within the country.
The NIMC Act 2007 provides for the establishment of the NIMC, its functions, powers, establishment of the National Identity Database, assignment of the National Identification Number (NIN) as well as issuance of token General Multi-purpose cards. The Act also provides the Commission with powers to make regulations connected with its functions. The NIMC Act 2007 provides the repeal of the law that created the former Department of National Civic Registration (DNCR) and the transfer of its assets and liabilities to the NIMC.

Vision Statement

To provide a digital primary identity for all citizens and legal residents making it a reference point for all.

Mission Statement

We regulate a reliable National Digital Identity for citizens and legal residents to affirm their identity.

Our Core Values

The Commission is committed to promoting the highest standard of ethical behaviour among its management and employees. Our core values emphasize Transparency, Promptness, Integrity, Excellence and Professionalism.


The requirement for promptness and efficiency, as well as the culture of timeliness and accuracy in service delivery, is a cardinal feature of NIMC.


In the pursuit of creating a national identity management system that is transparent and accountable, NIMC employees are required to maintain the highest ethical standards and create an atmosphere of confidence through openness and clarity in the discharge of their responsibilities.


Commitment to honesty and dedication to duty are the remarkable virtues that form the hallmark of all NIMC staff.


Members of Staff of NIMC exhibit a high degree of professionalism in the discharge of their responsibilities. As such, they are competent, accountable, respectful, creative and above all, team players.